26 Landmark You Must-Visit in Egypt (Things To Do)
Egypt is very popular with ancient and amazing civilization attractions, where the ancient Egyptian civilization was located in the northeastern part of Africa. One example of the famous Egyptian ancient war is the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. However, don’t get me wrong, you know. Egypt does not only have a tourist attraction in the form of a fascinating ancient building or monument, but many are included in the most beautiful scenery in the world .
Those of you who like diving or snorkeling can do it while in Egypt, precisely diving along the Red Sea Coast, visiting the Coptic Monastery of the Eastern Desert, or trying to ride a camel to get around. Wow, so much fun! In order to know more about Tourist Attractions in Egypt, we peek one by one, let’s go!
The Pyramids of Giza
The building which is famous for its splendor and beauty in this world is called the Pyramids of Giza. Its location is on the southwest edge of Cairo. This one tourist attraction has never escaped from tourist visits and is one of the locations that must be visited when on vacation to Egypt.
This pyramid was built for 3 generations. Development was carried out by Khufu. The Khufu Pyramid reaches 139 meters or 455 feet high. This pyramid is the largest pyramid building in Egypt. However, some people assume that the Khafre Pyramid looks bigger. This is due to the location of the Khafre Pyramid in a higher place compared to the Khufu Pyramid.
This tourist attraction is one of the archaeological sites where there are two stone temples in southern Egypt precisely at the end of Lake Nasser or as far as 290 kilometers southwest of the city of Aswan. The twin buildings were originally built from a mountain when the rule of Pharaoh Ramses was in the 13th century BC. The way of making the building which was intended as an eternal building for Ramses and his queen named Nefertari was also unique, namely by carving the mountain.
The tourist location of Abu Simbel on the west bank of Lake Nasser made the two twin temples threatened with immersion. So in 1960, a comprehensive transfer of the Abu Simbel complex was carried out. And this location has until now become one of the tourist attractions that must be visited while on vacation to Egypt. To just know, currently Abu Simbel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is part of the Nubia landmarks, which cover from Abu Simbel to Philae.
The Red Sea or the Teberau Sea is a bay west of the Arabian Peninsula that separates the Asian continent from Africa. This sea is one of the beautiful Egypt. From the scientific explanation states that the red color on the surface arises from Trichodesmium erythraeum that develops. Some also explained that the name came from a mineral-rich mountain around it and was red in color.
Here you can do diving and snorkeling. The waters of the Red Sea have amazing panoramas. It has a wide stretch of coral reef that is home to various kinds of marine life. In addition, near the Red Sea there are also several resorts that can be chosen. Among them is in the east there is a resort founded by Sharm El Sheikh with his colleague (Dahab). For the west there are Hurghada resorts and there are also a number of new resort options.
If you want to explore various attractions in Egypt, you can do this by traveling by boat along the Nile River. This river has been in Egypt since ancient times, you could say this river is ancient. The Nile is a witness to the history of Egyptian civilization. Almost all Egyptian cruise ships make the cruise through this comfortable and beautiful river to reach the cities in Egypt.
If you want a different sensation in an adventure exploring the Nile, you can take the Felucca Ship. This ship is a kind of sailing ship that has been used for thousands of years. Although not as comfortable as traveling on a luxury cruise ship, traveling with this ancient boat provides its own experiences and sensations.
Ibn Tulun Mosque
Ibn Tulun Mosque, also known as the al-Maydan Mosque, is one of the interesting tourist attractions in Egypt. Although this mosque is hundreds of years old, but this mosque is still sturdy because it is well maintained. This mosque is one of the oldest mosque buildings in Cairo after the Amr Bin Ash Mosque. The construction of this mosque was carried out by Ahmad Ibnu Tulun (Abbassid Governor of Egypt).
The construction of this mosque was carried out between 876-879 AD. Here was also taken a picture of one of the James Bond films entitled The Spy Who Loved Me. This mosque is located in the middle of the Al-Qatai area which is a former city of the royal family of the Ibn Tulun dynasty, Al-Qatai is located about two kilometers from the old city of Al-Fustat. In Al-Basatin, al-Saliba Street, Cairo, Egypt. Curious? maybe you can take the time to visit this mosque and get the benefits of religious tourism here.
This is one of the isolated settlements and has a population of approximately 23,000 people, this area is difficult to reach because it is in the middle of the Western Desert, 31 miles from the Libyan border, surrounded by stretches of sand dunes Great Sand Sea, and rocky plateau Middle Miocene gamping. Almost all of them are ethnic berber who speak the Tasiwit regional language, also known as Siwi.
The location of Shiva oasis is on the old trade route, here too many springs with shade palm trees. If you want to experience desert tourism, please come to Shiva Oasis. Tourist attractions that are precisely located in the Libyan Desert are already equipped with inns or hotels that are made using local materials. For those who are backpacker hobbies, maybe this place can be a unique reference as a tourist place suitable for backpackers
The next tourist attraction that should not escape the list of your visits while traveling to Egypt is Dahab, a small village located on the southeast coast of the Sinai Peninsula. Previously Dahab was known as a fishing village of the Bedouins and this place was an isolated coastal village, located approximately 85 km north of Sharm El Sheikh in the Gulf of Aqaba.
Since 1980, besides being popular as a place to surf, scuba and snorkeling. this location is a place to relax and hang out hippies. A variety of activities that we can do when traveling to Dahab include camel riding, windsurfing, and adventure by riding a jeep.
In addition to the Pyramids and the Sphinx, Karnak is one of the largest ancient religious sites ever built which was dedicated to the triad of Theben Amun, Mut and Khonsu and is known as Ipet-isut by ancient Egyptians, which is also a reflection of the glory of ancient Egypt. Development is carried out several generations. Even though it looks damaged or destroyed, this site still has an attraction and charm for visitors who come.
The Karnak Temple actually consists of 3 main temple buildings. The closed temple building has a smaller size, some of the outer temples are located about 2.5 km north of Luxor. One of the famous in Karnak is Hypostyle Hall, which is a room with an area of 5000 m2, has 134 large columns, arranged in 16 rows.
The next Egyptian tourist location is the Egyptian Museum. The building has two floors with a collection of ancient Egyptian antiques which reached 120,000. Looking at the ground floor you can see a collection of coins made of various different metals including gold, silver and bronze and papyrus in various languages used by ancient Egyptians.
As for the collection on the first floor there were artifacts originating from the Valley of the Kings and also artifacts from the last two generations of ancient Egypt. There is also a Tutankhamen tomb and a royal mummy room with 27 mummies from the era of Pharaoh’s kingdom.
Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings or known as the Valley of the Kings is a tomb intended for nobles and kings of the new kingdom. The Valley of the Kings is located along the western edge of the Nile just opposite Thebes or what is now known as Luxor. This burial place consists of two valleys namely the East Valley and the West Valley. There are 63 tombs in the Valley of the Kings.
The types of tombs also range from those that have simple holes for the tomb complex with 120 rooms, royal tombs decorated with carvings and Egyptian mythology. It’s a pity because the tomb here seems to have experienced robbery except to eat Tutankhamun.
Al – Azhar Park is one of the tourist attractions in Egypt which is the destination of tourists who come to Egypt. This park is located south of Al-Azhar University. Al-Azhar Park was opened to the public in 2005. The attraction of Al-Azhar Park is its cool location and its architectural form similar to Islamic gardens in medieval times and also this park is a tourist spot that is suitable for young people .
In addition, this park is also equipped with a museum that records the history of Cairo. The location is on the north side of the park. This museum clearly records the evolution of the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Starting from its history, architecture, and other cultural sides. From the museum area, visitors can also see the remnants of the glory of Egypt through a panorama of the fortresses of Saladin al-Ayyubi and the Muhammad Ali Mosque.
Tahrir Square is a large public square in downtown Cairo, Egypt. The square was originally named Midan Ismaileyya, according to 19th-century leader Khedive Ismail, who ordered the design of the new downtown district.
After the 1919 Egyptian Revolution, this square became increasingly known as Tahrir Square (freedom), but this square did not officially change its name until the 1952 Egyptian Revolution which transformed Egypt from a constitutional monarchy to a republican state. And then there was a protest against President Hosni Mobarak, namely on January 25, 2011.
This square has become historic since the incident. At that time there were at least 50,000 people protesting at Tahrir Square.
The square is the northern end of Qasr al-Ayn Street, the western end of Talaat Harb Street, and Qasr el-Nil Street which has direct south access past the Qasr al-Nile Bridge that crosses the Nile.
Mount Sinai or also known by another name Jabal Musa is a mountain located on the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. It is 2,285 meters high and is in a mountain range to the south of the peninsula. If you want to climb the highest peak of the City of Saint Kahterines, please climb to Mount Sinai.
At the top of Mount Sinai there are mosques and churches that are crowded with tourists. This is due to the history of Mount Sinai, where it was said that Mount Sinai was the place where God appeared to Moses and made an agreement with the tribes of Israel gathered there and also at that time Moses received God’s revelation in the form of 10 commandments God was given to the Israelites. So for those of you who have the opportunity to visit, don’t forget to visit one of the Tourist Attractions in Egypt.
The city is located 480 km east of the city of Cairo precisely on the southern side of the Red Sea. it has a charming beauty. The beach has white sand with several tourist attractions in it that have good facilities. If you are looking for a hotel, lodging, or resort, you can come to Hurghada because in this region there are many inns so it is also suitable for Honeymoon Places .
Hotels and resorts in Hurghada usually offer a full board system, half board or even just breakfast. The price range is very varied. If you don’t want to bother looking for food outside we can book a hotel or resort with full board. In addition to charming white sand beaches, magnets from Hurghada are numerous and beautiful coral reefs and are often the center of international sports such as diving, windsurfing and sailing.
This Egyptian tourist attraction is an ancient city built on the former land of Thebes which was once the capital of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh’s kings made civilizations that had never existed before in the City of Luxor. The western desert is known as the city of death, the burial location of the successors of Lord Amun and all his property.
Many Thebes rulers leave legacies in physical form that can be learned today. The Temple of Hatshepsut (XVII Dynasty) is a depiction of a birth that is full of wonders and is the cause of the Queen of Ahmes and the God of Amon united, the relics of Amenhotep three in the form of two large statues about 20 meters high called Kolossi Memmnon. Ramses II messages to make a picture of several major wars including the war between the forces of Ramses II when fighting Syrian hittits. When you are in this location you can see the splendor of ancient monuments originating from Dynasty XI (2081-1939 BC). Until now this tourist spot is always crowded with tourists.
Tomb of Deputy King Tutankhamun
Next we will explore the tourist attractions of the Tomb of Deputy King Tutankhamun located in Thebes. The attraction of the tomb is the existence of paintings which illustrate how great ancient Egyptian culture is.
Please note that Deputy King Tutankhamun was named Huy. He is a man from Nubia, Sudan. Entering the area inside the tomb you will see a painting that tells the Nubian convoy carrying gold rings to be handed over to their rulers. This location will also make travelers who come to visit amazed.
Khafre Pyramid and Sphinx
The most famous Egyptian tourist spot is the Pyramid in Giza (near Cairo). In addition to the Khufu Pyramid which was discussed earlier. There are also Khafre Pyramids and Sphinx.
The Khafre Pyramid is the second largest Ancient Egyptian pyramid in the Giza pyramid complex. This pyramid is the tomb of the pharaoh Khafra from the 4th dynasty. The Khafre Pyramid is 215.5 m long and 148.5 m high. This pyramid is made of limestone blocks.
A pyramid is a building whose base is square with a tapered tip, similar to a cone. The Sphinx itself is a symbol of the glory of ancient Egypt in the form of a statue with a lion’s body and a human head. The Sphinx functions as a guardian of royal tombs or temples by ancient Egyptians so that it is placed around the building structure of the pyramid. The face of the ancient Egyptian sphinx usually depicts the pharaoh which is considered the incarnation of the sun god.
Statue of Ramses II
One of the famous historical tourist destinations and attracts a lot of tourists’ attention next is the Statue of Ramses II. The temple where King Ramses II was built in the 19th dynasty was found in the Ain Shams area, east of Cairo, Egypt.
This one is located on the front page of the Abu Simbel Temple. This statue, which has reached thousands of years old, still stands proudly. In addition, in other parts, in the large temple there are still 4 statues sitting Pharaoh Ramses II, each with a height of more than 20 m, while the smaller statues of Pharaoh Ramses II, are statues of Nefertari, and their child.
For those who are curious about this Statue of Ramses II, the location is in the Abu Simbel region, on the edge of Lake Nasser, but the location of the temple was in the past named the downstream Nubia.
Suez Canal Bridge
Besides being famous for the Pyramids and Sphinx, the Egyptian icon was later named the Suez Canal. located west of the Sinai Peninsula, is a 163 km long canal located in Egypt, connecting Port Said in the Mediterranean Sea with Suez on the Red Sea.
This canal connects the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. And there is a bridge as a link named the Suez Canal Bridge. This bridge was built for quite a long time, decades and during the construction process had caused armed conflict between France, Britain and Egypt. Don’t miss to stop by when you are on holiday in the Middle East including Egypt.
Khan El Kholili Bazar
If you like shopping. When on vacation to Cairo, don’t forget to stop by one of the favorite destinations of tourists, namely Bazaar Khan El Kholili which is known by Indonesian students as Husein. This bazaar is very wide, even in the middle of the bazaar you can find a mosque that has historical value called Masjid Husein. The location of this bazaar is precisely in front of Al-Azhar University.
Actually the entrance to the bazaar is in several locations, but the main entrance and the most visited by foreign tourists are closely guarded by the police officers complete with their weapons. For those who are doing tours in Cairo, it is not complete if they take time here, because it is a favorite market of tourists to buy goods for souvenirs.
Salahudin Al-Ayubi Fortress
Cairo also has one beautiful and charming place called Benteng Salahudin Al-Ayubi. This fortress is on a plateau and is hundreds of years old. In the middle of the fort, we will find a mosque called the Muhammad Ali Mosque.
When entering the area in the fort, there are several facilities available, including restaurants with Cairo views from heights, Military Museums, Police Museums. In addition, you will also find a beautiful garden that has shady trees and is well maintained. If we look at a glance, the tree looks similar to a bonsai whose leaves are carved with Arabic script.
The writing is proof that before becoming a museum, Muhammad Ali Mosque was a building that was very handsome and grand because it was founded by a figure of a great ulama during the war. The wall of the Muhammad Ali Mosque is full of Arabic calligraphy and for the inner dome there are also beautiful Arabic calligraphy.
One of the cities in Egypt is the second largest city and its name is so famous to the whole world. Alexandria or what is also called Al-Iskandariyyah. A very beautiful location is one of the attractions of the city.
In addition, in the city of Alexandria we can see the splendor of the Sphinx and also the ancient Roman theater. Even more amazing, one of the spots in Alexandria is included in the 7 wonders of the world, namely the great lighthouse.
In addition, the beauty of Alexandria can be enjoyed on the coast of the coast that faces the Mediterranean sea. Yellowish white sand stretches almost as long as 25 kilometers which limits the city of Alexandria with a coastline that is not inferior to the Most Beautiful Beach in Indonesia . Keeksotikan that makes tourists really feel at home while staying in this beach in Egypt.
This fort was built in the ancient ancient lighthouse in Egypt which was destroyed by an earthquake. It used to be on an island called Pharos. This fortress is located on the edge of the Mediterranean Sea and was built during the leadership of Sultan Al-Ashraf Al-Nasr Syaifuddin Qaitbay, originally from the Mamluk Dynasty in 1423.
It used to be for the defense of Egypt when facing an enemy who came. The fortress in the form of a hallway and has many gaps makes it easier to observe the enemy in the past. Now this location is visited by many tourists. From here also will look the beauty of the Mediterranean Sea.
The Montazah Park is located in the muntaza palace or commonly called El Montazah Palace . This palace is a resting place for the family of King Fuad I and his relatives, after hunting. This palace was built in 1932 by King Fuad I.
For this park the location is in the area of the Palace of King Farouk, which has many palm trees on its yard and is so neatly arranged. The main attraction of course lies in the Palace of King Farouk. Now this building is only used for hosting state guests.
Abu Al-Abbas Al-Mursi Mosque
This magnificent mosque was founded in 1775 and is also a sign of the grandeur of the art of Islamic architecture. Naturally, if the building of this mosque is so magnificent, because a builder named Abu Al-Abbas is indeed a person who is descended from Murcia Andalusia.
This mosque has a height of 23 meters with two entrances on the north and east with a cylindrical dome like a drum with artistic carvings.
While for the southern part there is a tower with a height of up to 73 meters. This mosque is so thick with Mamluk architecture. This style became a representation of the Mamluk Islamic dynasty that had ruled Egypt and Syria throughout the 13th century. Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is located in the Anfoushi area of Alexandria.
Alexandria Great Library
If you want to know everything about Alexandria, you can come to this museum. Formerly the Library of Alexandria or known as the Alexandria Library was once the largest library in the world.
The museum, which was built in the early 3rd century BC during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt, was originally a center of science for hellenistics. But now, the library that has been named the biggest in the world is turning fungi into comfortable reading places and storing 400,000 to 700,000 important and historic texts in the form of papyrus made from plants that thrive in swamps along the river Nile. In addition, this library also has other important collections such as religious manuscripts including rare copies of the Qur’an.
That is a recommendation for tourist attractions in Egypt that must be visited because most of them are religious tourism and cultural history. For those who are curious, maybe you can try a tour to the area above.