The Dead Sea ( Al Bahr al Mayyit ), is actually not a sea but a lake. Better known by the name of the sea because of its wide size such as the ocean, its length reaches 67 km, width is 18 km and the surface area reaches 810 km². The name of the Dead Sea itself is taken from the Hebrew Language “Yam ha Maved” which means “Sea of Killers”, while in Arabic it is called “Bahrul Mayyit” which means “Dead Sea”. The Dead Sea is at the lowest point on the surface of the earth, which is at 417.5 m below sea level. It lies on the border between Jordan and the western part of Palestine.
The lake in Jordan is called the Dead Sea because there is no life around the lake, both flora, and fauna. This is because the salt levels are too high. Even because of the high salt content in the Dead Sea, everything can float, including humans (no need to worry about drowning while in the Dead Sea). The salt content in the Dead Sea is around 33%, whereas the normal salt content in the sea is only about 3%, which means that the Dead Sea has the second highest salt content in the world after Lake Assal.
The Dead Sea ( Al Bahr al Mayyit ) itself has formed three million years ago when small cracks appeared in the Jordan River valley, where incoming sea water then collected, dry climate and high evaporation increased the concentration of minerals in the water. Salt, lime and gypsum are found along cracks and form lakes with high salt content, which is now better known as the Dead Sea.
The Dead Sea ( Al Bahr al Mayyit ) gets its source of water from the Jordan River, but the water that has entered does not flow to the area around it, because the water just settles on the lake. But now the water in the Dead Sea starts to the deficit and recede because it is located in a tropical climate, so every day almost seven tons of water in the Dead Sea evaporates. In addition, it is also because at this time the Jordan River, which is the main source of water in the Dead Sea, is used by the community for irrigation.
The mineral content in the Dead Sea is also believed to have properties to treat various types of skin diseases. The mineral content can be found in mud in lakes, the minerals contained include magnesium, calcium, potassium, zinc, iodine, chlorine, chloride, sulfur, sodium, bitumen, bromide and potassium. The benefits of various mineral contents are believed to be able to repair dead skin, remove the skin from the skin, improve blood circulation, help maintain health and for women to beautify and soften the skin.